21st August, 2020
New Approach to Disease Resistance
One of the biggest requirements for food security in the 21st century is improving crop yield stability by improving disease-tolerant crops. Managing plant health is a major challenge in modern food production, exacerbated by the lack of common ground between the various persuasions involved in disease control. All plants are related to billions of microbial plants at the same time, and these microbial plants together can be referred to as plant microbial plants. Maximum microbes are harmless or even helpful to plants in promoting plant growth and protecting against disease. However, some of these can also cause disease and have a devastating effect on crop yields. To prevent infection by pathogens, plants have developed an advanced innate immune system that can recognize the conserved cell surface molecules carried by most pathogens. When the plant's immune system is activated, it can prevent the invasion of pathogens, but at the cost of adaptation it significantly reduces plant growth and lowers yields. In addition to controlling pre-programmed defense responses by the innate immune system, plants can improve the immune system's ability to respond to selected environmental signals. This phenomenon is called "Defense Priming". Although rare, wide-ranging effects, low adaptation costs, durability, and heredity are attractive for sustainable crop protection, if defense initiation provides comprehensive protection.
The plant's immune system prevents most pathogens from entering the roots and reaching harmful levels to the plant. Whether this association is harmful, neutral or beneficial to the plant, microorganisms can avoid and invade the plant's immune system. Better crop disease management techniques are to induce systemic resistance in plants using microorganisms that can fight pathogens. Also, the use of inducers from plants is another way to control pathogens. However, in order to achieve comprehensive plant protection against pathogens, Absolute farmers apply pathogens with comprehensive plant disease control and control methods that use microbial, metabolite, synthetic chemicals, and plant extract formulations can allow farmers success the combat against plant pathogens, increase crop yields, and achieve a sustainable agricultural production for green technology.
Resistance from the beginning of defense is long lasting. Once induced, the preparation is maintained throughout the life cycle of the plant and passed onto offspring in an epigenetic manner. In addition, cultivar selection by priming activation and transgenerational defensive suction has many advantages for breeding programs that cultivate new beneficial traits in crops. The ability to increase resistance to pests and diseases through this mechanism could provide a novel mechanism through dependence on chemicals and reduce this mechanism without altering the genetic makeup of the best crop varieties. Again, this can provide a useful tool for reducing chemical pesticide residues in fruits. It can also provide valuable knowledge to aid programs in developing countries with weak infrastructure and limited economic capacity. In this case, stocks of crop seeds are usually maintained by the Absolute farmers themselves. By effective immunity initiation across generations, poor farmers can collect unique seed stocks of more tolerant crop varieties, thereby making their food production less susceptible to pest outbreaks.
Priming can be used in conjunction with biological control of pesticides, microbes, etc., or other integrated disease management strategies. Activation of plant defenses/green inoculation and biocontrol is sensible plant health care and may be a sustainable crop protection method that can affect humans on a large scale.
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